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Costus Species Botanical Description Botanical Description page for GingersRus plant database number " 3354 ".
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Costus villosissimus

Costus villosissimus Jacq.



Accession # R1580 identified as Costus villosissimus from Le Jardin Ombragé
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Photo# 12083 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus


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Photo# 12084 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus


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Photo# 12085 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus


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Photo# 12086 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus corolla


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Photo# 12087 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus corolla


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Photo# 12088 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus labellum


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Photo# 12089 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus stamen


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Photo# 12090 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus stamen


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Photo# 12091 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus


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Photo# 12092 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus ligule


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Photo# 12093 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus sheath


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Photo# 12094 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus Inflo


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Photo# 12095 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus bracts and appendages


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Photo# 12096 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus bracts and appendages


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Photo# 12097 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus bracts and appendages


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Photo# 12098 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus bracts and appendages


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Photo# 12099 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus bracteole and calyx


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Photo# 12100 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus bracteole and calyx


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Photo# 12101 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus bracteole


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Photo# 12102 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus bracteole


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Photo# 12103 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus calyx


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Photo# 12104 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus calyx


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Photo# 12105 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus


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Photo# 12106 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus


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Photo# 12107 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Atlanta Botanic Garden, Atlanta, GA File name in error, this is not Costus villosissimus


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Photo# 12108 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus by Kathleen Kay, Michigan State University


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Photo# 12510 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Leo's Place, Mastatal, Costa Rica


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Photo# 12511 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Leo's Place, Mastatal, Costa Rica


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Photo# 12512 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Leo's Place, Mastatal, Costa Rica


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Photo# 12843 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Lyon Arboretum, Oahu, Hawaii


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Photo# 12109 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Moody Gardens, Galveston, TX


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Photo# 12110 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Moody Gardens, Galveston, TX


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Photo# 12513 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Rancho Mastatal, Costa Rica


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Photo# 12514 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Rancho Mastatal, Costa Rica stem and ligules


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Photo# 12515 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Rancho Mastatal, Costa Rica Timo, in front of


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Photo# 17272 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus, cultivated plant in hort trade


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Photo# 17273 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus, cultivated plant in hort trade


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Photo# 17293 Specimen# R3074
Costus villosissimus at Andrate, southern Ecuador


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Photo# 17294 Specimen# R3074
Costus villosissimus at Andrate, southern Ecuador


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Photo# 17295 Specimen# R3074
Costus villosissimus at Andrate, southern Ecuador


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Photo# 17296 Specimen# R3074
Costus villosissimus at Andrate, southern Ecuador


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Photo# 17356 Specimen# R3225
Costus villosissimus at Achicaya, Valle de Cauca, Colombia


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Photo# 17357 Specimen# R3225
Costus villosissimus at Achicaya, Valle de Cauca, Colombia


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Photo# 17358 Specimen# R3225
Costus villosissimus at Achicaya, Valle de Cauca, Colombia


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Photo# 17359 Specimen# R3245
Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama


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Photo# 17360 Specimen# R3245
Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama


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Photo# 17361 Specimen# R3245
Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama


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Photo# 17362 Specimen# R3245
Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama


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Photo# 17363 Specimen# R3245
Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama


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Photo# 17364 Specimen# R3245
Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama


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Photo# 17412 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


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Photo# 17413 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


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Photo# 17414 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


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Photo# 17415 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


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Photo# 17416 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


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Photo# 17417 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


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Photo# 17418 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


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Photo# 17419 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


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Photo# 17420 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


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Photo# 17421 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


BOTANICAL NAME: Costus villosissimus
SUBGENUS:Costus
GROUP:1-bracts with appendage
SECTION:I-Costus
PRIMARY SOURCE USED FOR DESCRIPTION:Maas, Flora Neotropica No. 8, 1972
SECONDARY SOURCES:Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol II, 2003, Missouri Botanical Garden
LAST UPDATED:
NOTES AND DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTICS:Maas says it is closely related to C. guanaiensis, characterized by its hairy stems and leaves, and the flowers are pure yellow without a reddish tinge.
NATURAL DISTRIBUTION:In riverbank forests, foothill forests and lowland thickets and swamps, NW South America, Panama, Jamaica, St. Vincent, sea level to 1100 meters.
HEIGHT:1 to 4 meters
Botanical Description for this Species
For illustrations or explanation of terminology, click on the linked plant part or column header.
Descriptions used for plant identification key are shown in BOLD.
Plant PartGeneralColorHairsTextureShape LengthWidth
Rhizome




0 to 0 cm0 to 0 cm
Sheath

densely hirsute


0 to 0 cm 8 to 20 mm
Ligule

densely hirsute

truncate
2 to 10 mm 0 to 0 mm
Petiole

densely hirsute


2 to 5 mm 0 to 0 mm
Leaf plant densely ferrugineous-hirsute to strigose



narrowly elliptic to narrowly obovate
15 to 30 cm 4 to 8 cm
...upper

densely hirsute




...under

densely hirsute




...base



usually cordate to rounded


...apex



shortly acuminate
0 to 0 mm
Inflorescence terminal on a leafy stem. Infl elongates to 20 cm (8.5 cm wide) when in fruit.



ovoid
6 to 10 cm 3 to 6 cm
Bract all bracts with foliaceous, green appendages, or apices of all bracts reflexed. ,Callus absent or to 6 mm.
green or red
densely hirsute
coriaceous
broadlyovate
2.0 to 4.0 cm 2.5 to 3.5 cm
Appendage
green

foliaceous
slightly recurved, narrowly triangular to deltate
1.0 to 8.0 cm 1.0 to 3.0 cm
Bracteole

glabrous

boat shape
1.7 to 3.0 cm 0.0 to 0.0 cm
Flower




0 to 0 cm 0 to 0 cm
Calyx

glabrous to sparsely puberulous

lobes deltate
0.8 to 1.6 cm 0.0 to 0.0 cm
Corolla tube 10-20 mm
pure yellow, rarely white
glabrous

lobes narrowly obovate, 50-60 mm by 20-30 mm
6.0 to 8.0 cm 0.0 to 0.0 cm
Labellum large, spreading limb, middle lobe reflexed
pure yellow, rarely white
margins glabrous or fimbriate

broadly obovate
7.0 to 9.0 cm 0.0 to 6.0 cm
Stamen anther 9-10 mm long
yellow


apex irreg. Lobed
0.0 to 5.0 cm 0.0 to 1.5 cm

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