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Datasheet for Costus vinosus

Plant Datasheet for Costus vinosus

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Costus vinosus at Atlanta Botanic Garden, Atlanta, GA  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12111 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus at Atlanta Botanic Garden, Atlanta, GA


Costus vinosus at Bob Campos'garden, Houston, Texas  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12112 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus at Bob Campos'garden, Houston, Texas


Costus vinosus at Bob Campos'garden, Houston, Texas  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12113 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus at Bob Campos'garden, Houston, Texas


Costus vinosus at Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota, FL  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12114 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus at Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota, FL


Costus vinosus at Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota, FL  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12115 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus at Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota, FL


Costus vinosus at Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota, FL  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12116 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus at Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota, FL


Costus vinosus at Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota, FL showing cupped ligules - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12117 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus at Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota, FL showing cupped ligules


Costus vinosus at Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota,  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12118 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus at Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota,


Costus vinosus at Waimea Audubon Center, Oahu, Hawaii  #93P232  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12844 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus at Waimea Audubon Center, Oahu, Hawaii #93P232


Costus vinosus at Waimea Audubon Center, Oahu, Hawaii  #93P232  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12845 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus at Waimea Audubon Center, Oahu, Hawaii #93P232


Costus vinosus at John Mood garden - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17258 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus at John Mood garden


Costus vinosus at John Mood garden - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17259 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus at John Mood garden


Costus vinosus at John Mood garden - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17260 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus at John Mood garden


Costus vinosus at John Mood garden - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17261 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus at John Mood garden


Costus vinosus at John Mood garden - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17262 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus at John Mood garden


Costus vinosus at John Mood garden - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17263 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus at John Mood garden


Costus vinosus along Rio Boqueron, with our guide Juan Carlos - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17691 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus along Rio Boqueron, with our guide Juan Carlos


Costus vinosus along Rio Boqueron - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17692 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus along Rio Boqueron


Costus vinosus along Rio Boqueron - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17693 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus along Rio Boqueron


Costus vinosus along Rio Boqueron - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17694 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus along Rio Boqueron


Costus vinosus along Rio Boqueron - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17695 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus along Rio Boqueron


Costus vinosus along Rio Boqueron - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17696 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus along Rio Boqueron


Costus vinosus along Rio Boqueron - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17697 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus along Rio Boqueron


Costus vinosus along Rio Boqueron - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17698 Accession# R0
Costus vinosus along Rio Boqueron


Costus vinosus cultivated plant flowering in 2016 - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17836 Accession# R2952
Costus vinosus cultivated plant flowering in 2016


Costus vinosus cultivated plant flowering in 2016 - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17837 Accession# R2952
Costus vinosus cultivated plant flowering in 2016


Costus vinosus cultivated plant flowering in 2016 - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17838 Accession# R2952
Costus vinosus cultivated plant flowering in 2016


Costus vinosus cultivated plant flowering in 2016 - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17839 Accession# R2952
Costus vinosus cultivated plant flowering in 2016


Costus vinosus cultivated plant flowering in 2016 - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17840 Accession# R2952
Costus vinosus cultivated plant flowering in 2016


Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17874 Accession# R3353
Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama


Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17875 Accession# R3353
Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama


Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17876 Accession# R3353
Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama


Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17877 Accession# R3353
Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama


Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17878 Accession# R3353
Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama


Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17879 Accession# R3353
Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama


Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17880 Accession# R3353
Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama


Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17881 Accession# R3353
Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama


Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17882 Accession# R3353
Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama


Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17883 Accession# R3353
Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama


Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama - bracts, bracteole and calyx - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17884 Accession# R3353
Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama - bracts, bracteole and calyx


Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama - bracteole and calyx - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17885 Accession# R3353
Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama - bracteole and calyx


Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama - ligules - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17886 Accession# R3353
Costus vinosus found at Santa Rita Ridge, Panama - ligules


CLICK HERE for a detailed botanical description and identification key for this species (opens in new window).
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PLANT FAMILY: Costaceae
BOTANICAL NAME: Costus vinosus
FORMAL SCIENTIFIC NAME: Costus vinosus Maas
STATUS :Accepted
CONTINENT: Neotropical
SYNONYMS:


BOTANICAL NOTES:
This is an accepted neo-tropical Costus species. It was described in 1976 by Paul Maas. It is easily recognized by its dark green waxy leaves with purple undersides and dark purple stems with inflated, cupped ligules. It grows to about one meter tall. The inflorescence is ovoid in shape with dark red bracts in the visible parts and greenish to pinkish white on the covered parts. The flowers are the open labellum type with creamy to pink corolla and red winged labellum - at least as described by Maas.

I have only seen it in flower once - at Marie Selby Gardens in Sarasota, Florida. According to the late Harry Luther, their plant came from the original Dressler collection. The photos from Selby Gardens show a plant that partially fits this description but with more greenish bracts and bright yellow corolla and labellum, with only a slight trace of red.

John Mood has also brought this species (Waimea #93P232) to flower and it looks quite different - the bracts being distinctly green with a dark red margin, and the flowers matching Maas' description.

The species was described and known ONLY from the type locality along the lower Rio Guanche in Panama, but it has now disappeared from that location which has since been converted to pasture land. I searched extensively for it in 2012 and others who have searched in recent years have not found it. There are only two other locations where it has been reported in the past and those locations are also in doubt. In 2014 I assessed this species for the IUCN Red List and it is now classified as being Critically Endangered and Possibly Extinct in the wild. Further details are available at http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/56301925.

In November 2015 I went back to central Panama, and accompanied by Carla Black I found this species still extant in the wild. One population was found on the Santa Rita Ridge, in Colon Province. It was growing in muddy soil along a creek in deep shade. The plants here were not in flower but there were a couple of mature inflorescences. Carla and I also hiked along the Rio Boqueron on the old Spanish Real trail in primary forest in the Chagres Nacional Park and found several more plants scattered over a 2-3 km stretch of the trail. These also were not in flower, and they did not have any mature inflorescences or indications of any seedlings. They appeared to be propagating solely by fallen stems. An article was written about these discoveries and published in the quarterly Bulletin of the Heliconia Society International, Vol. 22, No 3, September 2016.

ACCESSION NOTES:
Although this is very rare in the wild, it is widely cultivated, presumably from the original 1970's collections by Dressler. The species is known to be difficult to grow and even more difficult to bring to flower. R1764, R2653, R2945 did not survive. R2952 was received from Tom Wood in 2004 and did not flower until 2016. This plant produced yellow flowers like the ones seen at Selby Gardens and probably came from that source.

R3353 grown from seeds collected on the Santa Rita Ridge, growing well as of January 2017.

OBSERVATION NOTES:

Santa Rita Ridge, Colon, Panama, Latitude 9.391638564, Longitude -79.70711138, at 200 meters elevation.

Rio Boqueron, Colon, Panama, Latitude 9.569782463, Longitude -79.44992608, at 198 meters elevation.

GINGERSRUS CATALOG LISTING:
Costus vinosus is only known from the original collection location along the Rio Guanche on the Caribbean side of Panama. I went there searching for it in 2012 with no success. The area is now cleared for cow pastures and the plant may very well be extinct in nature. Fortunately it was brought into cultivation in the 1970's

This is not an easy plant to grow! I have had this for several years and this is the first time I have been able to propagate enough for sale, albeit in very limited quantities. The flower photos are from Marie Selby Gardens in Sarasota as I have not brought this plant to flower myself. The foliage and the distinctive cupped ligules make it a very special plant for any collection. It grows to less than 3 feet tall making it easy to fit in a greenhouse.



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