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Datasheet for Costus woodsonii

Plant Datasheet for Costus woodsonii

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Costus woodsonii at Atlanta Botanic Garden, Atlanta, GA  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12159 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii at Atlanta Botanic Garden, Atlanta, GA


Costus woodsonii at Atlanta Botanic Garden, Atlanta, GA  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12160 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii at Atlanta Botanic Garden, Atlanta, GA


Costus woodsonii at Atlanta Botanic Garden, Atlanta, GA  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12161 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii at Atlanta Botanic Garden, Atlanta, GA


Costus woodsonii  at Jim Conyer's Garden  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12516 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii at Jim Conyer's Garden


Costus woodsonii  at Jim Conyer's Garden Jim Conyers in front of - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12517 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii at Jim Conyer's Garden Jim Conyers in front of


Costus woodsonii   comparison of C. woodsonii to 'Hot Lips' - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12518 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii comparison of C. woodsonii to 'Hot Lips'


Costus woodsonii   comparison of C. woodsonii to 'Hot Lips' - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12519 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii comparison of C. woodsonii to 'Hot Lips'


Costus woodsonii   comparison of C. woodsonii to 'Hot Lips' - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12520 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii comparison of C. woodsonii to 'Hot Lips'


Costus woodsonii  at Leu Gardens, Orlando, Florida  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12521 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii at Leu Gardens, Orlando, Florida


Costus woodsonii  at Leu Gardens, Orlando, Florida  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12522 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii at Leu Gardens, Orlando, Florida


Costus woodsonii from Cahuita Nat'l Park, Costa Rica at Waimea Audubon Center, Oahu, Hawaii  #86S191 from Costa Rica - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12824 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii from Cahuita Nat'l Park, Costa Rica at Waimea Audubon Center, Oahu, Hawaii #86S191 from Costa Rica


Costus woodsonii short form at Lyon Arboretum, Oahu, Hawaii  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12846 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii short form at Lyon Arboretum, Oahu, Hawaii


Costus woodsonii short form at Lyon Arboretum, Oahu, Hawaii  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12847 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii short form at Lyon Arboretum, Oahu, Hawaii


Costus woodsonii short form at Lyon Arboretum, Oahu, Hawaii  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12848 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii short form at Lyon Arboretum, Oahu, Hawaii


Costus woodsonii tall form at Lyon Arboretum, Oahu, Hawaii  #67.0477  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12849 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii tall form at Lyon Arboretum, Oahu, Hawaii #67.0477


Costus woodsonii at Cahuita National Park, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12989 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii at Cahuita National Park, Costa Rica


Costus woodsonii common here at Cahuita National Park, Costa Rica view of beach - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12990 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii common here at Cahuita National Park, Costa Rica view of beach


Costus woodsonii at Cahuita National Park, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12991 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii at Cahuita National Park, Costa Rica


Costus woodsonii at Cahuita National Park, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12992 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii at Cahuita National Park, Costa Rica


Costus woodsonii at San Jose Zoo, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12993 Accession# R0
Costus woodsonii at San Jose Zoo, Costa Rica


Costus woodsonii - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12125 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii


Costus woodsonii - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12126 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii


Costus woodsonii - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12127 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii


Costus woodsonii - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12128 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii


Costus woodsonii - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12129 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii


Costus woodsonii  flower - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12130 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii flower


Costus woodsonii  flower - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12131 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii flower


Costus woodsonii  flower - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12132 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii flower


Costus woodsonii  new bract - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12133 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii new bract


Costus woodsonii  new bract - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12134 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii new bract


Costus woodsonii  old infl. - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12135 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii old infl.


Costus woodsonii  bracts - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12136 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii bracts


Costus woodsonii  bracts - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12137 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii bracts


Costus woodsonii  bracts - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12138 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii bracts


Costus woodsonii  bracteole and calyx - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12139 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii bracteole and calyx


Costus woodsonii  calyx - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12140 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii calyx


Costus woodsonii  corolla, labellum, stamen - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12141 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii corolla, labellum, stamen


Costus woodsonii  corolla lobes - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12142 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii corolla lobes


Costus woodsonii  corolla lobes - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12143 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii corolla lobes


Costus woodsonii  labellum & stamen - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12144 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii labellum & stamen


Costus woodsonii  labellum & stamen - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12145 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii labellum & stamen


Costus woodsonii  stamen - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12146 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii stamen


Costus woodsonii  stamen - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12147 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii stamen


Costus woodsonii  style - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12148 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii style


Costus woodsonii  labellum - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12149 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii labellum


Costus woodsonii  labellum - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12150 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii labellum


Costus woodsonii  labellum - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12151 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii labellum


Costus woodsonii  leaf - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12152 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii leaf


Costus woodsonii  note cordate leaf base - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12153 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii note cordate leaf base


Costus woodsonii  ligule & petiole - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12154 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii ligule & petiole


Costus woodsonii - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12155 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii


Costus woodsonii  ligule - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12156 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii ligule


Costus woodsonii - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12157 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii


Costus woodsonii - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12158 Accession# R2692
Costus woodsonii


Costus woodsonii tall form cultivated plant - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17276 Accession# R2995
Costus woodsonii tall form cultivated plant


CLICK HERE for a detailed botanical description and identification key for this species (opens in new window).
CLICK HERE to see a description of accession #R2995 . (opens in new window).
CLICK HERE to see a description of accession #R2692 . (opens in new window).
BUY THIS PLANT from Gingers R Us (opens in new window).

PLANT FAMILY: Costaceae
BOTANICAL NAME: Costus woodsonii
FORMAL SCIENTIFIC NAME: Costus woodsonii Maas
STATUS :Accepted
CONTINENT: Neotropical
SYNONYMS:


BOTANICAL NOTES:
This is an accepted neo-tropical Costus species. It was first described in 1972 by Paul Maas in his monograph in the Flora Neotropica series. It is easily confused with Costus scaber or Costus spiralis but can be distinguished by the shape of the leaves, usually cordate at the base and smaller and rounder in shape, not hairy. In all specimens I have seen, this species lacks the single line of hairs along the upper side midrib of the leaves, as is found (with the help of a lens) on the leaves of Costus scaber. The flowers are also somewhat distinct with the opening in the labellum being very small. The flowers protrude from the bracts at an angle similar to C. scaber but unlike C. spiralis whose flowers are erect. Further details of the formal description can be found at the link above.

This species is found in cultivation in two different forms, most popular is a dwarf form that flowers at about 1 meter tall but is also found in a taller form (more common in nature) that grows to 2-3 meters tall.

In nature, it is found along the Caribbean coast of southern Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama growing at low altitudes (under 100 meters) and even growing in sandy soil on the beach right up to the edge of the water along the coast. I have seen this species growing in Costa Rica at Cahuita National Park and in Panama along the coast near the Rio Piedra. It has been reported along the Pacific coast of Colombia but I did not find it at the reported site and I believe it was confused with Costus scaber that does grow there.

In 2014 I completed an IUCN Red List assessment for this species and found it to be of "Least Concern". The assessment can be found at http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/56349436.

ACCESSION NOTES:
I have three different accessions of this species. R2692 is the dwarf form that is most common in cultivation. R2944 is a tall form from a cultivated plant in Hawaii and the origin is unknown. R2995 a tall form from a collector in South Florida, origin unknown. All three flower easily growing in a 3 gallon container, but have not been tested here for cold hardiness. Based on the natural habitat, I believe this species must be very salt tolerant. R2995 has been vouchered at the UC Berkeley, Jepsen Herbarium, UC2045831.

OBSERVATION NOTES:

Coatal hwy, .5 km south of Rio Piedra, Colon, Panama, Latitude 9.449097778, Longitude -79.74280028, at 15 meters elevation.

Cahuita National Park, Limón Province, Costa Rica, Latitude 9.734, Longitude -82.834, at 5 meters elevation.

Cahuita, Limon, Costa Rica, Latitude 9.735, Longitude -82.836, at 0 meters elevation.

GINGERSRUS CATALOG LISTING:
Costus woodsonii comes from the Caribbean coast of Costa Rica and Panama. I have seen it the Cahuita National Park in Costa Rica growing right up to the edge of the beach in sandy soil, and it must be incredibly salt tolerant.

Some forms are about 2 meters tall but others are shorter, maturing and flowering at about 1 meter. It has bright red bracts and tubular red flowers with a very small opening to the labellum. It can fill an area and makes a showy garden plant. It grows best in sunny areas.



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