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Datasheet for Costus asplundii

Plant Datasheet for Costus asplundii


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Photo# 15396 Specimen# R3193
Costus asplundii
From Ecuador, Morona-Santiago


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Photo# 15397 Specimen# R3193
Costus asplundii
From Ecuador, Morona-Santiago


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Photo# 15398 Specimen# R3193
Costus asplundii
From Ecuador, Morona-Santiago


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Photo# 15512 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Atlanta Botanical Gardens


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Photo# 15513 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Atlanta Botanical Gardens


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Photo# 15514 Specimen# R2966
Costus asplundii
From cultivated,


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Photo# 15515 Specimen# R2966
Costus asplundii
From cultivated,


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Photo# 15516 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Lyon Arboretum, Hawaii


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Photo# 15517 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Lyon Arboretum, Hawaii


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Photo# 15518 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Lyon Arboretum, Hawaii


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Photo# 15519 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Lyon Arboretum, Hawaii


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Photo# 15520 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Lyon Arboretum, Hawaii


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Photo# 15521 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Lyon Arboretum, Hawaii


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Photo# 15522 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Lyon Arboretum, Hawaii


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Photo# 15523 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Lyon Arboretum, Hawaii


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Photo# 15524 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Lyon Arboretum, Hawaii


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Photo# 15525 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Lyon Arboretum, Hawaii


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Photo# 15162 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Lyon Arboretum, Hawaii


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Photo# 15163 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Lyon Arboretum, Hawaii


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Photo# 15164 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Lyon Arboretum, Hawaii


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Photo# 15165 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Lyon Arboretum, Hawaii


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Photo# 15166 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Lyon Arboretum, Hawaii


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Photo# 15167 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Lyon Arboretum, Hawaii


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Photo# 15168 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at John Mood's garden


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Photo# 15169 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at John Mood's garden


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Photo# 15170 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at John Mood's garden


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Photo# 15171 Specimen# R3125
Costus asplundii
From Peru, Loreto


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Photo# 15172 Specimen# R3125
Costus asplundii
From Peru, Loreto


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Photo# 15173 Specimen# R3125
Costus asplundii
From Peru, Loreto


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Photo# 15174 Specimen# R3125
Costus asplundii
From Peru, Loreto


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Photo# 15175 Specimen# R2976
Costus asplundii
From cultivated,


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Photo# 15176 Specimen# R2976
Costus asplundii
From cultivated,


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Photo# 11684 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Atlanta Botanic Garden, Atlanta, GA ABG#92-0790


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Photo# 11685 Specimen# R0
Costus asplundii at Atlanta Botanic Garden, Atlanta, GA ABG#92-0790


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Photo# 16179 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16180 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16181 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16182 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16183 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16184 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16185 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16186 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16187 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16188 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16189 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16190 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16191 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16192 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16193 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16194 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16195 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 16196 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii, Nangaritza Form, from upper Rio Nangaritza near Yaukuma Lodge


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Photo# 17728 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii Nangaritza form.


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Photo# 17729 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii Nangaritza form.


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Photo# 17730 Specimen# R0
Costus aff. asplundii Nangaritza form.


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Photo# 16244 Specimen# R3078
Costus asplundii
From Ecuador, Zamora-Chinchipe


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Photo# 16245 Specimen# R3078
Costus asplundii
From Ecuador, Zamora-Chinchipe


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Photo# 16246 Specimen# R3078
Costus asplundii
From Ecuador, Zamora-Chinchipe


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Photo# 16247 Specimen# R3078
Costus asplundii
From Ecuador, Zamora-Chinchipe


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Photo# 16248 Specimen# R3078
Costus asplundii
From Ecuador, Zamora-Chinchipe


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Photo# 16249 Specimen# R3078
Costus asplundii
From Ecuador, Zamora-Chinchipe


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Photo# 16250 Specimen# R3078
Costus asplundii
From Ecuador, Zamora-Chinchipe


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Photo# 16251 Specimen# R3078
Costus asplundii
From Ecuador, Zamora-Chinchipe


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Photo# 17872 Specimen# R3348
Costus asplundii
From Ecuador, Zamora-Chinchipe


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Photo# 17873 Specimen# R3348
Costus asplundii
From Ecuador, Zamora-Chinchipe


CLICK HERE for a detailed botanical description and identification key for this species (opens in new window).

PLANT FAMILY: Costaceae
BOTANICAL NAME: Costus asplundii
FORMAL SCIENTIFIC NAME: Costus asplundii Maas
STATUS :Accepted
CONTINENT: Neotropical
SYNONYMS:
Costus guanaiensis var. asplundii,

BOTANICAL NOTES:
This is an accepted neotropical species of Costus, first listed by Paul Maas in 1972 as a variety of Costus guanaiensis and then in 1976 described by Maas as a distinct species. The form in cultivation is usually recognized by its long, narrow leaves and long stiff hairs on the stems, especially around the ligules. Plants in cultivation all have purple undersides to the leaves but this is not noted in the formal description by Maas. The bracts are red with foliaceous acute triangular appendages. The flowers are white to pale pink with open labellums. It is also distinguished by its very wide calyx - which is 15-20 mm long and 11-15 mm wide.

Type collected 1956 by E. Asplund at 1000 meters Prov. Napo-Pastaza, Mera, edge of forest on shore of Rio Pastaza in Ecuador, Pastaza. Described as growing to 5 m high, flowers white, labellum with a large yellow blotch at base of middle lobe. Other collections are documented in other parts of southeastern Ecuador.

Atlanta Botanical Gardens #92-0790, specimen collected in 1992 in the Coca region of Ecuador by Atlanta Botanic Gardens. Has grown to about 8 ft tall in the greenhouse and conservatory. Has long pointed, narrow leaves with fuzzy undersides, slight purplish color, dark green color on top, dark purplish leaf sheath with prolific hairs near juncture of leaves. Horticulturalist at ABG does not recall this plant flowering. Visited Atlanta Bot Garden again in October 2002. Plant has been moved now to a location on the right side of conservatory, just before the first bridge. Plant is not nearly as tall as before. This appears to me to be Costus asplundii, but not certain as it has not flowered.

Plants that are common in cultivation are in a form with long narrow leaves that are deep purple on the undersides. This form is known to be very difficult to bring to flower. I have only seen it in flower one time, at Lyon Arboretum in Hawaii. The bracts on this plant do not match the description of the species as written by Paul Maas when he named it as Costus asplundii. It has dark red bracts and bract appendages, with only the lower appendages tinged in green. The flowers have an overall look of pink with pink corolla, white labellum tinged in pink with yellow throat. It does have the very wide calyx as described by Maas and the stigose hairs around the ligules.

In 2007, then again in 2009, and in 2015 I visited the area of the Rio Nangaritza in southeastern Ecuador, province of Zamora-Chinchipe. There is a plant that is very common in that watershed, growing in sunny areas along the roads and along the river. It has virtually colonized some areas where the forests have been cleared. The plant grows very tall, as much as 5 meters, is extremely hairy along the stems and ligules with long strigose hairs. The leaves are green both sides and wide - completely unlike the narrow leaves of the cultivated form of Costus asplundii. The bracts are all green in the exposed part with green appendages that are either horizontal or folded down. The covered part of the bracts is red. The calyx is not as wide as described for this species. The flowers are very large open type, with white corolla and white labellum with a yellow throat. In short, this plant looks nothing at all like the cultivated plant known to so many Costus growers, but it does match closely to Maas' description of Costus asplundii. SeePID 7528 for photos and details.

In 2016, Paul Maas reviewed some of my field observations on iNaturalist and informed me that the white fowered Costus I saw in Ecuador is Costus asplundii. After looking at the herbarium specimens and re-reading the description in Maas' monograph, I have now concluded that this plant from Rio Nangaritza is the species Costus asplundii. It is curious that it grows only along the Rio Nangaritza in Zamora Chinchipe, and was not seen farther to the north along the Rio Zamora valley.

ACCESSION NOTES:
R2254 was from Smithsonian USBG1994-702, did not survive. R3055 from Jim West's Reserva Rio Guaycuyacu, Ecuador, did not survive.

R2910, R2966 and R2976-77 all from cultivated plants in US horticulture. I have been growing them for many years but have never been able to bring them to flower. R2976 has been vouchered at the UC Berkeley, Jepsen Herbarium, UC2045834.

R3125 was collected near the Rio Mazon in amazonian Peru, has not flowered but vegetatively identical with long narrow leaves with purple undersides and hairs throughout. It grew for several years but finally died out. Propagules of this collection have been sent to John Mood, Hector Caratini, Bob Castro, and to the Hawaii Tropical Botanical Garden.

R3193 from near Gualaquiza in southeastern Ecuador has green narrow leaves and long hairs indicative of C. asplundii, but has not flowered. Was not seen in flower when collected.

OBSERVATION NOTES:

trail from Rio Mazán, Santa Teresa,Maynas Province, Peru, Latitude -3.54, Longitude -73.177, at 120 meters elevation.

GINGERSRUS CATALOG LISTING:
I won't lie to you, this plant is very difficult to bring to flower, but WOW! It is really spectacular when it does bloom. I have only seen it in flower one time, at Lyon Arboretum in Hawaii. The late Ray Baker of Lyon Arboretum was with me at the time and he told me he had never seen it in flower before either.

This plant is mostly grown for its foliage, narrow purple backed leaves, thick long hairs on the stems. I have collected seeds of this species in Peru and in Ecuador, and also have a specimen from US cultivation. It is not known whether the flowers will vary from these collections.



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