GingersRus is a trademark of Le Jardin Ombragé
Click on logo above to go to GingersRus HOMEPAGE.
Want to buy some rare gingers? Check out my commercial site. CLICK HERE to see what is available.

Datasheet for Costus lima

Plant Datasheet for Costus lima

Click on a thumbnail to load full sized image.
Use your "back" button to come back to this page.

Costus lima at La Gamba Biological Research Station, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11102 Accession# R0
Costus lima at La Gamba Biological Research Station, Costa Rica


Costus lima at La Gamba Biological Research Station, Costa Rica ligule and petiole - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11103 Accession# R0
Costus lima at La Gamba Biological Research Station, Costa Rica ligule and petiole


Costus lima at La Gamba Biological Research Station, Costa Rica bracteole and calyx - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11104 Accession# R0
Costus lima at La Gamba Biological Research Station, Costa Rica bracteole and calyx


Costus lima at La Gamba Biological Research Station, Costa Rica bracteole and calyx - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11105 Accession# R0
Costus lima at La Gamba Biological Research Station, Costa Rica bracteole and calyx


Costus lima by Ray Lampert at Nat'l Botanic Garden of Belgium  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11106 Accession# R0
Costus lima by Ray Lampert at Nat'l Botanic Garden of Belgium


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica flower - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11107 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica flower


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11108 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11109 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica Reinaldo photographing - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11110 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica Reinaldo photographing


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11111 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11112 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11113 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica flower - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11114 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica flower


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica flower - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11115 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica flower


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica flower - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11116 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica flower


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica corolla lobes - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11117 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica corolla lobes


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica corolla lobes - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11118 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica corolla lobes


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica labellum - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11119 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica labellum


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica labellum - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11120 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica labellum


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica labellum - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11121 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica labellum


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica stamen - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11122 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica stamen


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica stamen - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11123 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica stamen


Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica stamen - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11124 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rincon, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica stamen


Costus lima near Rio Barrigones, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica They chopped them all down! - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11125 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rio Barrigones, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica They chopped them all down!


Costus lima near Rio Barrigones, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11126 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rio Barrigones, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica


Costus lima near Rio Barrigones, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11127 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rio Barrigones, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica


Costus lima near Rio Barrigones, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11128 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rio Barrigones, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica


Costus lima near Rio Barrigones, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11129 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rio Barrigones, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica


Costus lima near Rio Piro, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11130 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rio Piro, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica


Costus lima near Rio Piro, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11131 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rio Piro, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica


Costus lima near Rio Piro, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11132 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rio Piro, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica


Costus lima near Rio Piro, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 11133 Accession# R0
Costus lima near Rio Piro, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica


Costus lima var. lima at Waimea Audubon Center, Oahu, Hawaii  #86P362  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12695 Accession# R0
Costus lima var. lima at Waimea Audubon Center, Oahu, Hawaii #86P362


Costus lima var. lima at Waimea Audubon Center, Oahu, Hawaii  #86P362  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12696 Accession# R0
Costus lima var. lima at Waimea Audubon Center, Oahu, Hawaii #86P362


Costus lima var. lima at Waimea Audubon Center, Oahu, Hawaii  #86P362  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12697 Accession# R0
Costus lima var. lima at Waimea Audubon Center, Oahu, Hawaii #86P362


Costus lima at Waimea - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16701 Accession# R0
Costus lima at Waimea


Costus lima at Buenaventura, Ecuador - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16702 Accession# R0
Costus lima at Buenaventura, Ecuador


Costus lima at Nirvana, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16703 Accession# R0
Costus lima at Nirvana, Colombia


Costus lima at Bocas del Toro, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16704 Accession# R0
Costus lima at Bocas del Toro, Panama


Costus lima at Buenaventura, Ecuador - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16705 Accession# R0
Costus lima at Buenaventura, Ecuador


Costus lima at Nirvana, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16706 Accession# R0
Costus lima at Nirvana, Colombia


Costus lima at Bocas del Toro, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16707 Accession# R0
Costus lima at Bocas del Toro, Panama


Costus lima at Cabo Matapalo, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16708 Accession# R0
Costus lima at Cabo Matapalo, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica


Costus lima in Colombia, photo by Bruce Dunstan - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16709 Accession# R0
Costus lima in Colombia, photo by Bruce Dunstan


Costus lima in Colombia, photo by Bruce Dunstan - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16710 Accession# R0
Costus lima in Colombia, photo by Bruce Dunstan


Costus lima at Bocas del Toro, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16711 Accession# R0
Costus lima at Bocas del Toro, Panama


Costus lima at Buenaventura, Ecuador - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16712 Accession# R0
Costus lima at Buenaventura, Ecuador


Costus lima from Panama, upper hairs - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16813 Accession# R3014
Costus lima from Panama, upper hairs


Costus lima at Rio Guaycuyacu, Ecuador - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16827 Accession# R3064
Costus lima at Rio Guaycuyacu, Ecuador


Costus lima at Rio Guaycuyacu, Ecuador - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16828 Accession# R3064
Costus lima at Rio Guaycuyacu, Ecuador


Costus lima at Rio Guaycuyacu, Ecuador - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16829 Accession# R3064
Costus lima at Rio Guaycuyacu, Ecuador


Costus lima from Ecuador, upper hairs - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16830 Accession# R3064
Costus lima from Ecuador, upper hairs


Costus lima at Rio Guaycuyacu, Ecuador - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16831 Accession# R3064
Costus lima at Rio Guaycuyacu, Ecuador


Costus lima at Rio Guaycuyacu, Ecuador - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16832 Accession# R3064
Costus lima at Rio Guaycuyacu, Ecuador


Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16979 Accession# R3303
Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia


Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16980 Accession# R3303
Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia


Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16981 Accession# R3303
Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia


Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16982 Accession# R3303
Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia


Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16983 Accession# R3303
Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia


Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16984 Accession# R3303
Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia


Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16985 Accession# R3303
Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia


Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16986 Accession# R3303
Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia


Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 16987 Accession# R3303
Costus lima, Bahia Solano, Colombia


CLICK HERE for a detailed botanical description and identification key for this species (opens in new window).
CLICK HERE to see a description of accession #R3273 . (opens in new window).
BUY THIS PLANT from Gingers R Us (opens in new window).

PLANT FAMILY: Costaceae
BOTANICAL NAME: Costus lima
FORMAL SCIENTIFIC NAME: Costus lima K.Schum.
STATUS :Accepted
CONTINENT: Neotropical
SYNONYMS:


BOTANICAL NOTES:
This is an accepted neo-tropical Costus species first described by Schumann in 1904. Costus lima is described as a tall plant (up to 4-6 meters!) with truncate ligules 5-15 mm long, terminal flowering with dark red bracts and dark red bract appendages (described as being horizontal or ascending, but in living plants are clearly pendent), and with small tubular flowers, pink to yellow corolla and pink flowers. One other character I have noticed as being consistent in all plants I have seen from Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Ecuador, is the presence of a purplish colored margin on the ligules, making this possible to identify when not in flower so long as other species can be eliminated. Most plants I have seen also have a look of being brushed with green and yellow on the bract appendages or having a yellowish line down the center.

In his 1972 monograph, Paul Maas described a separate variety scabremarginatus based only on minor differences in the distribution of the hairs on the leaves. Variety lima is described as having leaves with the upper side scabrid to the touch, but variety scabremarginatus is described as having leaves with the upper side "only somewhat scabrid towards the margins". I have never been able to discern these minor differences in hairs, a character that tends to be variable in all Costus species, so all photos and specimens have been loaded here at PID3435.

Neotype: collected in 1968 by P. Grijpma at Monteverde, ca 30 km W of Puerto Limon in coastal plain, clayey soil, 15 m above sea level. (not the same well-known town of Monteverde in the mountains of north central Costa Rica) The Holotype was destroyed in Berlin 1943 was from Puntarenas province of Costa Rica.

Distribution is described as Central America and northwestern South America. This species is usually found at low altitudes along rivers and in other wet places.

Checking GBIF records determined by Paul Maas as var. scabremacrostrobilus, I found the following records: 5 in Colombia, Chocó, 5 in Ecuador, Esmeraldas, 3 in Panama, Darién; 5 in Venezuela, Zulia. For var. lima, det'd by Maas the following: 3 in Colombia, Chocó; 11 in Costa Rica; 2 in Honduras; 26 in Nicaragua; 13 in Panama including 4 in Darién. Thus it seems these two varieties are somewhat intermingled except for the northern parts of Central America where only var. lima is found. All the plants I have checked, including my accessions listed below have leaves that are somewhat scabrous across the entire upper leaf surface, so I have been unable to detect a separate var. scabremarginatus. In any case, I have elected to disregard this varietal separation. I have seen the C. lima plants in Ecuador, Esmeraldas and Colombia, Chocó and I do not see any material differences between those plants and the ones I have seen in Costa Rica and Panama.

In 2014 I completed an IUCN Red List assessment for this species and it is now classified as Least Concern. My assessment rationale can be found at http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/full/56346976/0.

ACCESSION NOTES:
R3013 from Waimea did not survive, specimen at Waimea 86P362 - Received from Rob Montgomery, Costa Rica, collected 5 km SW of San Isidro el General, tentatively det'd by J. Mood in 1989.

R3014 collected by Tim Chapman in Panama,

R3064 from Jim West in Ecuador,

R3303 from Colombia, Choco, Bahia Solano.

R3345 from near Caluma, Los Rios, Ecuador. Costus lima at Caluma, Ecuador - this beautiful plant found along a roadside between Caluma, Ecuador and the village of Pasagua may or may not be representative of the species there, but it is the nicest looking example of this species that I have ever seen. Thumbnail sheet at
http://www.gingersrus.com/images/R3345

R3435 from Costa Rica, Cartago, CATIE about 40 km southwest of the type locality.

OBSERVATION NOTES:

CATIE, Turrialba, Cartago, Costa Rica, Latitude 9.891217, Longitude -83.650495, at meters elevation.

Pasaqua Road near Caluma, Ecuador, Latitude -1.578, Longitude -79.1957, at 836 meters elevation.

Jardin Botanico del Pacifico, Bahía Solano, Choco, Colombia, Latitude 6.26778, Longitude -77.36715, at 77 meters elevation.

El Remanso Lodge, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica, Latitude 8.39, Longitude -83.3, at 175 meters elevation.

Lita area, Carchi Province, Ecuador, Latitude 0.87, Longitude -78.45, at 900 meters elevation.

Chiriquí Grande, Panama, Latitude 8.95, Longitude -82.19, at 10 meters elevation.

PN Piedras Blancas, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica, Latitude 8.69, Longitude -83.32, at meters elevation.

Reserva Bilsa, Manabí Province, Ecuador, Latitude 0.344, Longitude -79.723, at 440 meters elevation.

Rio Palenque, Los Ríos Province, Ecuador, Latitude -0.59, Longitude -79.36, at 150 meters elevation.

Buenaventura, west of Piñas, El Oro, Ecuador, Latitude -3.656, Longitude -79.769, at 450 meters elevation.

2 km S of Rincon de Osa, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica, Latitude 8.69, Longitude -83.4758, at 10 meters elevation.

Rio Barrigones, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica, Latitude 8.5819, Longitude -83.455, at 95 meters elevation.

Rio Piro, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica, Latitude 8.401316, Longitude -83.33733, at 20 meters elevation.

GINGERSRUS CATALOG LISTING:
This very common species in nature is not often found in cultivation. It grows in low, areas of central and eastern South America usually in or along streams. It grows to about 8 feet tall in nature and can sometimes form a very long and striking inflorescence like the photo below.

It is presumed to be too tender to grow outdoors in areas with frost and probably is limited to USDA zone 10 and warmer. Based on the places I have seen it growing in nature, it prefers sunny areas and can be grown in full sun.



Copyright © 1999-2016 - Dave Skinner, GingersRus.com
All text and images on this page are copyrighted. They may be downloaded and/or printed for personal use and scientific research, but may not be published in paper or electronic media without my express consent. They absolutely may not be used commercially in any way whatsoever without my express consent. To inquire about permissions, contact skinnerd@nettally.com