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Datasheet for Costus villosissimus

Plant Datasheet for Costus villosissimus

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Costus villosissimus at Atlanta Botanic Garden, Atlanta, GA File name in error, this is not Costus villosissimus - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12107 Accession# R0
Costus villosissimus at Atlanta Botanic Garden, Atlanta, GA File name in error, this is not Costus villosissimus


Costus villosissimus by Kathleen Kay, Michigan State University  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12108 Accession# R0
Costus villosissimus by Kathleen Kay, Michigan State University


Costus villosissimus at Moody Gardens, Galveston, TX  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12109 Accession# R0
Costus villosissimus at Moody Gardens, Galveston, TX


Costus villosissimus at Moody Gardens, Galveston, TX  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12110 Accession# R0
Costus villosissimus at Moody Gardens, Galveston, TX


Costus villosissimus  at Leo's Place, Mastatal, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12510 Accession# R0
Costus villosissimus at Leo's Place, Mastatal, Costa Rica


Costus villosissimus  at Leo's Place, Mastatal, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12511 Accession# R0
Costus villosissimus at Leo's Place, Mastatal, Costa Rica


Costus villosissimus  at Leo's Place, Mastatal, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12512 Accession# R0
Costus villosissimus at Leo's Place, Mastatal, Costa Rica


Costus villosissimus  at Rancho Mastatal, Costa Rica  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12513 Accession# R0
Costus villosissimus at Rancho Mastatal, Costa Rica


Costus villosissimus  at Rancho Mastatal, Costa Rica stem and ligules - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12514 Accession# R0
Costus villosissimus at Rancho Mastatal, Costa Rica stem and ligules


Costus villosissimus  at Rancho Mastatal, Costa Rica Timo, in front of - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12515 Accession# R0
Costus villosissimus at Rancho Mastatal, Costa Rica Timo, in front of


Costus villosissimus at Lyon Arboretum, Oahu, Hawaii  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12843 Accession# R0
Costus villosissimus at Lyon Arboretum, Oahu, Hawaii


Costus villosissimus - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12083 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus


Costus villosissimus - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12084 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus


Costus villosissimus - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12085 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus


Costus villosissimus  corolla - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12086 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus corolla


Costus villosissimus  corolla - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12087 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus corolla


Costus villosissimus  labellum - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12088 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus labellum


Costus villosissimus  stamen - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12089 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus stamen


Costus villosissimus  stamen - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12090 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus stamen


Costus villosissimus - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12091 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus


Costus villosissimus  ligule - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12092 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus ligule


Costus villosissimus  sheath - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12093 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus sheath


Costus villosissimus  Inflo - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12094 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus Inflo


Costus villosissimus  bracts and appendages - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12095 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus bracts and appendages


Costus villosissimus  bracts and appendages - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12096 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus bracts and appendages


Costus villosissimus  bracts and appendages - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12097 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus bracts and appendages


Costus villosissimus  bracts and appendages - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12098 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus bracts and appendages


Costus villosissimus  bracteole and calyx - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12099 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus bracteole and calyx


Costus villosissimus  bracteole and calyx - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12100 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus bracteole and calyx


Costus villosissimus  bracteole - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12101 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus bracteole


Costus villosissimus  bracteole - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12102 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus bracteole


Costus villosissimus  calyx - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12103 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus calyx


Costus villosissimus  calyx - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12104 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus calyx


Costus villosissimus - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12105 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus


Costus villosissimus - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12106 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus


Costus villosissimus, cultivated plant in hort trade - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17272 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus, cultivated plant in hort trade


Costus villosissimus, cultivated plant in hort trade - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17273 Accession# R1580
Costus villosissimus, cultivated plant in hort trade


Costus villosissimus at Andrate, southern Ecuador - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17293 Accession# R3074
Costus villosissimus at Andrate, southern Ecuador


Costus villosissimus at Andrate, southern Ecuador - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17294 Accession# R3074
Costus villosissimus at Andrate, southern Ecuador


Costus villosissimus at Andrate, southern Ecuador - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17295 Accession# R3074
Costus villosissimus at Andrate, southern Ecuador


Costus villosissimus at Andrate, southern Ecuador - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17296 Accession# R3074
Costus villosissimus at Andrate, southern Ecuador


Costus villosissimus at Achicaya, Valle de Cauca, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17356 Accession# R3225
Costus villosissimus at Achicaya, Valle de Cauca, Colombia


Costus villosissimus at Achicaya, Valle de Cauca, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17357 Accession# R3225
Costus villosissimus at Achicaya, Valle de Cauca, Colombia


Costus villosissimus at Achicaya, Valle de Cauca, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17358 Accession# R3225
Costus villosissimus at Achicaya, Valle de Cauca, Colombia


Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17359 Accession# R3245
Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama


Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17360 Accession# R3245
Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama


Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17361 Accession# R3245
Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama


Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17362 Accession# R3245
Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama


Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17363 Accession# R3245
Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama


Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17364 Accession# R3245
Costus villosissimus at Rio Piedra, Panama


Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17412 Accession# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17413 Accession# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17414 Accession# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17415 Accession# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17416 Accession# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17417 Accession# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17418 Accession# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17419 Accession# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17420 Accession# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17421 Accession# R3309
Costus villosissimus at Santa Maria de Boyaca, Colombia


CLICK HERE for a detailed botanical description and identification key for this species (opens in new window).
CLICK HERE to see a description of accession #R1580 . (opens in new window).
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PLANT FAMILY: Costaceae
BOTANICAL NAME: Costus villosissimus
FORMAL SCIENTIFIC NAME: Costus villosissimus Jacq.
STATUS :Accepted
CONTINENT: Neotropical
SYNONYMS:
Costus friedrichsenii, Costus hirsutus, Costus septimus, Paco-Caatinga villosissima flore luteo, Zinziber villosissimum floribus luteis,

BOTANICAL NOTES:
This is an accepted neo-tropical Costus species described in 1809. It is recognized by the long, villose hairs on all vegetative parts, the hairy green bracts with hairy triangular appendages, and the large broad-labellum pure yellow flowers. This species is easily identified and the only confusions comes from the occasional natural hybrids where this is one of the parent species. This species tends to hybridize easily with others and I have seen natural hybrids in the wild as well as having made hybrids myself using this species.

This species is also very widely distributed throughout the southern parts of Central America, south to southern Ecuador and east to Venezuela. I have found it myself in various parts of Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Ecuador. I completed an IUCN Red List assessment of this species in 2014 and it is classified as Least Concern. The assessment can be found at http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/full/56349339/0.

ACCESSION NOTES:
It is most certainly a frost tender species, but not difficult to grow in containers if protected in winter. It normally flowers in winter and early spring for me.

I have 5 accessions of this species. R1580 is a common cultivated form received in trade from another collector. R3074 was collected in a very dry part of southern Ecuador. It has not flowered yet but based on the vegetative parts and the mature inflorescence at the collection site, I believe it is this species. R3225 was collected in Colombia along the old Buenaventura road, was not in flower, but appears to be this species. R3245 was collected in Panama along the Rio Piedra, and is slightly different with shorter bract appendages but otherwise totally consistent with this species. R3309 was collected in eastern Colombia, was in full flower and no doubt as to the identity.

OBSERVATION NOTES:

Parque Nacional La Cangreja, Latitude 9.69057, Longitude -84.37419, at 383 meters elevation.

Santa María, Boyacá, Colombia, Latitude 4.861, Longitude -73.253, at 1000 meters elevation.

Dagua, Anchicaya, Valle del Cauca, Colombia, Latitude 3.562042222, Longitude -76.75870639, at 1085 meters elevation.

El Barrigón, Copé, Coclé Province, Panama, Latitude 8.63568, Longitude -80.5882, at 340 meters elevation.

Fundación Ecológica Andrate, Azuay, Guayas, Ecuador, Latitude -2.41, Longitude -79.63, at 100 meters elevation.

Leo's Place, Mastatal, San José Province, Costa Rica, Latitude 9.7, Longitude -84.364, at 300 meters elevation.

Natuga, San José Province, Pérez Zeledón, Costa Rica, Latitude 9.27322, Longitude -83.81854, at 312 meters elevation.

GINGERSRUS CATALOG LISTING:
Costus villosissimus flower Costus villisissimus is easily recognized by its extremely hairy stems and leaves, long stiff hairs that have given it the name "porcupine ginger". I have usually seen it growing in areas with fairly distinct dry seasons from Costa Rica as far south as southern Ecuador on the Pacific side of the Andes. It is a beautiful spiral ginger whether in flower or not. It grows quite tall, to 8 or 9 feet in the tropics, and the terminal flowers are gorgeous, a soft pure yellow against green appendaged bracts.

I have been growing it in my greenhouse for several years and it is a reliable bloomer, but must be grown in warm, moist conditions and allowed to get quite tall before it will flower.


Costus villosissimus hairs

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