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Datasheet for Costus villosissimus

Plant Datasheet for Costus villosissimus


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Photo# 12083 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12084 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12085 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12086 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12087 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12088 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12089 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12090 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12091 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12092 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12093 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12094 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12095 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12096 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12097 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12098 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12099 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12100 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12101 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12102 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12103 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12104 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12105 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12106 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 12107 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Atlanta Botanic Garden, Atlanta, GA File name in error, this is not Costus villosissimus


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Photo# 12108 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus by Kathleen Kay, Michigan State University


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Photo# 12510 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Leo's Place, Mastatal, Costa Rica


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Photo# 12511 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Leo's Place, Mastatal, Costa Rica


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Photo# 12512 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Leo's Place, Mastatal, Costa Rica


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Photo# 12843 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Lyon Arboretum, Oahu, Hawaii


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Photo# 12109 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Moody Gardens, Galveston, TX


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Photo# 12110 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Moody Gardens, Galveston, TX


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Photo# 12513 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Rancho Mastatal, Costa Rica


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Photo# 12514 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Rancho Mastatal, Costa Rica stem and ligules


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Photo# 12515 Specimen# R0
Costus villosissimus at Rancho Mastatal, Costa Rica Timo, in front of


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Photo# 17272 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 17273 Specimen# R1580
Costus villosissimus
From Cultivated,


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Photo# 17293 Specimen# R3074
Costus villosissimus
From Ecuador, Azuay


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Photo# 17294 Specimen# R3074
Costus villosissimus
From Ecuador, Azuay


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Photo# 17295 Specimen# R3074
Costus villosissimus
From Ecuador, Azuay


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Photo# 17296 Specimen# R3074
Costus villosissimus
From Ecuador, Azuay


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Photo# 17356 Specimen# R3225
Costus villosissimus
From Colombia, Chocó


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Photo# 17357 Specimen# R3225
Costus villosissimus
From Colombia, Chocó


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Photo# 17358 Specimen# R3225
Costus villosissimus
From Colombia, Chocó


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Photo# 17359 Specimen# R3245
Costus villosissimus
From Panama, Colón


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Photo# 17360 Specimen# R3245
Costus villosissimus
From Panama, Colón


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Photo# 17361 Specimen# R3245
Costus villosissimus
From Panama, Colón


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Photo# 17362 Specimen# R3245
Costus villosissimus
From Panama, Colón


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Photo# 17363 Specimen# R3245
Costus villosissimus
From Panama, Colón


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Photo# 17364 Specimen# R3245
Costus villosissimus
From Panama, Colón


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Photo# 17412 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus
From Colombia, Boyac√°


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Photo# 17413 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus
From Colombia, Boyac√°


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Photo# 17414 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus
From Colombia, Boyac√°


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Photo# 17415 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus
From Colombia, Boyac√°


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Photo# 17416 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus
From Colombia, Boyac√°


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Photo# 17417 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus
From Colombia, Boyac√°


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Photo# 17418 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus
From Colombia, Boyac√°


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Photo# 17419 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus
From Colombia, Boyac√°


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Photo# 17420 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus
From Colombia, Boyac√°


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Photo# 17421 Specimen# R3309
Costus villosissimus
From Colombia, Boyac√°


CLICK HERE for a detailed botanical description and identification key for this species (opens in new window).
CLICK HERE to see a description of accession #R1580 . (opens in new window).

PLANT FAMILY: Costaceae
BOTANICAL NAME: Costus villosissimus
FORMAL SCIENTIFIC NAME: Costus villosissimus Jacq.
STATUS :Accepted
CONTINENT: Neotropical
SYNONYMS:
Zinziber villosissimum floribus luteis Plum., Mscr. 5: t. 34; Costus nr. 7 Aubl. (1775), Costus septimus Aubl. ex Roem. & Schult. (1817), Costus hirsutus C.Presl (1827), Costus friedrichsenii Petersen (1893),

BOTANICAL NOTES:
This is an accepted neo-tropical Costus species described in 1809. It is recognized by the long, villose hairs on all vegetative parts, the hairy green bracts with hairy triangular appendages, and the large broad-labellum pure yellow flowers. This species is easily identified and the only confusions comes from the occasional natural hybrids where this is one of the parent species. This species tends to hybridize easily with others and I have seen natural hybrids in the wild as well as having made hybrids myself using this species.

This species is also very widely distributed throughout the southern parts of Central America, south to southern Ecuador and east to Venezuela. I have found it myself in various parts of Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Ecuador. I completed an IUCN Red List assessment of this species in 2014 and it is classified as Least Concern. The assessment can be found at http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/full/56349339/0.

ACCESSION NOTES:
It is most certainly a frost tender species, but not difficult to grow in containers if protected in winter. It normally flowers in winter and early spring for me.

I have 5 accessions of this species. R1580 is a common cultivated form received in trade from another collector. R3074 was collected in a very dry part of southern Ecuador. It has not flowered yet but based on the vegetative parts and the mature inflorescence at the collection site, I believe it is this species. R3225 was collected in Colombia along the old Buenaventura road, was not in flower, but appears to be this species. R3245 was collected in Panama along the Rio Piedra, and is slightly different with shorter bract appendages but otherwise totally consistent with this species. R3309 was collected in eastern Colombia, was in full flower and no doubt as to the identity.

OBSERVATION NOTES:

Parque Nacional La Cangreja, Latitude 9.69057, Longitude -84.37419, at 383 meters elevation.

Santa María, Boyacá, Colombia, Latitude 4.861, Longitude -73.253, at 1000 meters elevation.

Dagua, Anchicaya, Valle del Cauca, Colombia, Latitude 3.562042222, Longitude -76.75870639, at 1085 meters elevation.

El Barrigón, Copé, Coclé Province, Panama, Latitude 8.63568, Longitude -80.5882, at 340 meters elevation.

Fundación Ecológica Andrate, Azuay, Guayas, Ecuador, Latitude -2.41, Longitude -79.63, at 100 meters elevation.

Leo's Place, Mastatal, San José Province, Costa Rica, Latitude 9.7, Longitude -84.364, at 300 meters elevation.

Natuga, San José Province, Pérez Zeledón, Costa Rica, Latitude 9.27322, Longitude -83.81854, at 312 meters elevation.

GINGERSRUS CATALOG LISTING:
Costus villosissimus flower Costus villisissimus is easily recognized by its extremely hairy stems and leaves, long stiff hairs that have given it the name "porcupine ginger". I have usually seen it growing in areas with fairly distinct dry seasons from Costa Rica as far south as southern Ecuador on the Pacific side of the Andes. It is a beautiful spiral ginger whether in flower or not. It grows quite tall, to 8 or 9 feet in the tropics, and the terminal flowers are gorgeous, a soft pure yellow against green appendaged bracts.

I have been growing it in my greenhouse for several years and it is a reliable bloomer, but must be grown in warm, moist conditions and allowed to get quite tall before it will flower.


Costus villosissimus hairs

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