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Datasheet for Monocostus uniflorus

Plant Datasheet for Monocostus uniflorus

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Monocostus uniflorus  at Fairchild Tropical Gardens, Miami, FL  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 3748 Accession# R0
Monocostus uniflorus at Fairchild Tropical Gardens, Miami, FL


Monocostus uniflorus at the National Tropical Botanical Garden, Kauai, Hawaii  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12875 Accession# R0
Monocostus uniflorus at the National Tropical Botanical Garden, Kauai, Hawaii


Monocostus uniflorus at the National Tropical Botanical Garden, Kauai, Hawaii  - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 12876 Accession# R0
Monocostus uniflorus at the National Tropical Botanical Garden, Kauai, Hawaii


Monocostus uniflorus, notation on herbarium sheet    - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17490 Accession# R0
Monocostus uniflorus, notation on herbarium sheet


Monocostus uniflorus - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 1059 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus


Monocostus uniflorus   leaf base - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10392 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus leaf base


Monocostus uniflorus   stamen - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10393 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus stamen


Monocostus uniflorus   stigma of - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10394 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus stigma of


Monocostus uniflorus   corolla lobes - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10395 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus corolla lobes


Monocostus uniflorus   corolla lobes - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10396 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus corolla lobes


Monocostus uniflorus   calyx - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10397 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus calyx


Monocostus uniflorus   bracteole - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10398 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus bracteole


Monocostus uniflorus   calyx and bracteole of - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10399 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus calyx and bracteole of


Monocostus uniflorus   flower - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10400 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus flower


Monocostus uniflorus   flower - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10401 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus flower


Monocostus uniflorus - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10402 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus


Monocostus uniflorus - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10403 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus


Monocostus uniflorus - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10404 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus


Monocostus uniflorus - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10405 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus


Monocostus uniflorus - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10406 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus


Monocostus uniflorus - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10407 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus


Monocostus uniflorus - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10408 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus


Monocostus uniflorus - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 10409 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus


Monocostus uniflorus                                 - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17488 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus


Monocostus uniflorus                            - Click to see full sized image
Photo# 17489 Accession# R2848
Monocostus uniflorus



PLANT FAMILY: Costaceae
BOTANICAL NAME: Monocostus uniflorus
FORMAL SCIENTIFIC NAME: Monocostus uniflorus (Poepp. ex Petersen) Maas
STATUS :Accepted
CONTINENT: Neotropical
SYNONYMS:


BOTANICAL NOTES:
Species is described as a low plant, 20-60 cm tall, with very short ligules and petioles and small leaves. The flowers are produced at the leaf axils, a single flower per axil. The calyx is green and relatively long at 20-30 mm, bracteole is bicarinate, wrapping around the calyx, corolla yellow, labellum yellow, large and spreading.

This genus and species is endemic to the area around Tarapoto in San Martin, Peru. The type species was from Yurimaguas but was destroyed in vienna, so the neotype is from Rio Huallaga southeast of Tarapoto. I went there looking for it in 2008 but did not find it. Some years earlier Chelsea Specht found it there. As I understand it, this specie grows in fairly dry areas, well drained rocky slopes and has a very narrow range of habitat. An herbarium specimen from the Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro had the notation "Habitat: bosque seco, terreno muy seco". Much of the surrounding area of the type location has been deforested and habitat destroyed, so it is not known whether the species still exists in the wild but it is at the very least critically endangered, I would think.

LISTING AT:
National Botanic Garden of Belgium (from Peru)
IMAGE AT FAIRCHILD TROPICAL GARDEN WEBSITE of Monocostus uniflorusMonocostus uniflorus is a charming, petite relative of the gingers. It seldom grows taller than 18 inches. Its slightly spiraling, slender stems are topped with soft, ovate leaves. You're sure to enjoy the large, bright yellow flowers, which have a white center and a crepe texture. A native of Peru, it may be container grown or planted in a shady, moist location.

ACCESSION NOTES:
Accessions all from cultivated plants: R1589, R2501, R2848 and R3171 - all most likely from the same original source. This collection has been vouchered at the UC Berkeley, Jepsen Herbarium, UC2045794.


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